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图聊..  

2009-02-09 00:03:41|  分类: 论文 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

图聊.. - EL-ZHENG - BE HOT

图聊.. - EL-ZHENG - BE HOT

今天图聊了一个晚上= =然后看动画,终于把论文什么弄出来了......

图聊.. - EL-ZHENG - BE HOT

00的图= =那是团子..左边的猫是我的 泪奔的图被加上了眼睛嘴巴 ORZ......

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然后是可看可不看的论文......

 

CONTENTS

 

 

●What is New Media ?

 

●What is Video Art?

 

●Why we choose this topic(communication)?

 

●What is Communication?

 

●How important for human with communication?

 

●  How about our work?

 

●What we will do?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Media

In this course, we have a lesson called New Media. And we got so many information with the teacher and our research. So our group got some ideas for the questions, what is New Media.

 

●What is New Media ?

New media is a term meant to encompass the emergence of digital, computerized, or networked information and communication technologies in the later part of the 20th century.

Most technologies described as "new media" are digital, often having characteristics of being manipulable, networkable, dense, compressible,and impartial.

And that was our groups generalize for new media. Then we want to introduce the development and history with New Media.

Until the 1980s media relied primarily upon print and art analog broadcast models, such as those of television and radio. The last twenty-five years have seen the rapid transformation into media which are predicated upon the use of digital computers, such as the Internet and computer games. However, these examples are only a small representation of new media. The use of digital computers has transformed the remaining 'old' media, as suggested by the advent of digital television and online publications. Even traditional media forms such as the printing press have been transformed through the application of technologies such as image manipulation software like Adobe Photoshop and desktop publishing tools.

With the media developed, human found more ways and more new software to improve the new media. And in facts. New media as a tool for social change.

Social Movement Media has a rich and storied history that has changed at a rapid rate since New Media became widely used. The Zapatista Army of National Liberation of Chiapas, Mexico were the first major movement to make widely recognized and effective use of New Media for communication and organizing in 1994.Since then, New Media has been used extensively by social movements to educate, organize, share cultural products of movements, communicate, coalition build, and more. The WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999 protest activity was another landmark in the use of New Media as a tool for social change. The WTO protests used media to organize the original action, communicate with and educate participants, and was used an alternative media source.The Indymedia movement also developed out of this action, and has been a great tool in the democratization of information, which is another widely discussed aspect of new media movement. Some scholars even view this democratization as an indication of the creation of a "radical, socio-technical paradigm to challenge the dominant, neoliberal and technologically determinist model of information and communication technologies." A less radical view along these same lines is that people are taking advantage of the internet to produce a grassroots globalization, one that is anti-neoliberal and centered on people rather than the flow of capital. Of course, some are also skeptical of the role of New Media in Social Movements. Many scholars point out unequal access to new media as a hindrance to broad-based movements, sometimes even oppressing some within a movement.Others are skeptical about how democratic or useful it really is for social movements, even for those with access. There are also many New Media components that activists cite as tools for change that have not been widely discussed as such by academics.

New Media has also found a use with less radical social movements such as the Free Hugs Campaign. Using websites, blogs, and online videos to demonstrate the effectiveness of the movement itself. Along with this example the use of high volume blogs has allowed numerous views and practices to be more widespread and gain more public attention. Another example is the on-going Free Tibet Campaign, which has been seen on numerous websites as well as having a slight tie-in with the band Gorillaz in their Gorillaz Bitez clip featuring the lead singer 2D sitting with protesters at a Free Tibet protest. Another social change seen coming from New Media is trends in fashion and the emergence of subcultures such as Text Speak, Cyberpunk, and various others.

New media always give us a new view to recognize some new feels with the interactivity. So our group give some advices for that.

Interactivity has become a key term for number of new media use options evolving from the rapid dissemination of Internet access point, the digitalization of the media, and media convergence. In 1984, Rice defined the new media as communication technologies that enable or facilitate user-to-user interactivity and interactivity between user and information.  Such as Internet replaces the "one-to-many" model of traditional mass communication with the possibility of a "many-to-many" web of communication. Any individual with the appropriate technology can now produce his or her online media and include images, text, and sound about whatever he or she chooses.  So the new media with technology convergence shifts the model of mass communication, and radically shapes the ways we interact and communicate with one another. Vin Crosbie described three communications media in “What is new media?”. He saw Interpersonal media as “one to one”, Mass media as “one to many” and, finally New Media as Individuation Media or “many to many”.

New Media changes continuously due to the fact that it is constantly modified and redefined by the interaction between the creative use of the masses, emerging technology, cultural changes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Video Art

After introducting the new media. Then we will told people video art.

 

●What is Video Art?

First, Why we chosen this topic in the Computer Art, Sound Art and Video Art? Because we think Video Art include the other. Maybe computer art can include more than video art. But video art can give people more attack from people’s eyes. So our group this topic.

Video art is a type of art which relies on moving pictures and comprises video and audio data

Video art came into existence during the 1960s and 1970s, is still widely practiced and has given rise to the widespread use of video installations.

Video art is named after the video tape, which was most commonly used in the form's early years, but before that artists had already been working on film, and with changes in technology Hard Disk, CD-ROM, DVD, and solid state are superseding the video tape as the carrier. Despite obvious parallels and relationships, video art is not film.

One of the key differences between video art and theatrical cinema is that video art does not necessarily rely on many of the conventions that define theatrical cinema. Video art may not employ the use of actors, may contain no dialogue, may have no discernible narrative or plot, or adhere to any of the other conventions that generally define motion pictures as entertainment. This distinction is important, because it delineates video art not only from cinema but also from the subcategories where those definitions may become muddy. Perhaps the simplest, most straightforward defining distinction in this respect would then be to say that (perhaps)cinema's ultimate goal is to entertain, whereas video art's intentions are more varied, be they to simply explore the boundaries of the medium itself or to rigorously attack the viewer's expectations of video as shaped by conventional cinema.

So, maybe you know some things with Vedia Art rougly. We got more views with research and will give you more information about that. Then we will introduce the history.

A History of Video Art is a critical introduction and guide to artists' video. It covers the period from the early 1960s - when video art first appeared as a distinctive medium - into the 1990s - when digital technology merged video's distinctive practice with that of independent film-making and photography.

This artistic history is also a technological and a cultural history. A History of Video Art also sets its analysis of artistic practice firmly within the context of both the development of electronic imaging technology and the changing political and social climate.

Richly illustrated, the book is essential reading for anyone interested in art history and contemporary art practice.

It is often said to have begun when Nam June Paik used his new Sony Portapak to shoot footage of Pope Paul VI's procession through New York City in the autumn of 1965. That same day, across town in a Greenwich Village cafe, Paik played the tapes and video art was born. The french artist Fred Forest has also used a Sony Portapak since 1967. This fact is sometimes disputed, however, because the first Sony Portapak, the Videorover did not become commercially available until 1967 (Fred Forest does not contradict this, saying it was provided to him by the manufacturers ) and that Andy Warhol is credited with showing underground video art mere weeks before Paik's papal procession screening. Fred Forest does however stipulate on his website that in 1959 Wolf Vostell incorporated a television set into one of his works, "Deutscher Ausblick" 1959, which is part of the collection of the Museum Berlinische Galerie possibly the first work of art with television. In 1963 Vostell exhibited his art environment "6 TV de-coll/age" at the Smolin Gallery in New York. This work is part of the Museo Reina Sofia collection in Madrid.

Prior to the introduction of the Sony Portapak, "moving image" technology was only available to the consumer (or the artist for that matter) by way of eight or sixteen millimeter film, but did not provide the instant playback that video tape technologies offered. Consequently, many artists found video more appealing than film, even more so when the greater accessibility was coupled with technologies which could edit or modify the video image.

The two examples mentioned above both made use of "low tech tricks" to produce seminal video art works. Peter Campus' Double Vision combined the video signals from two Sony Portapaks through an electronic mixer, resulting in a distorted and radically dissonant image. Jonas' Organic Honey's Vertical Roll involved recording previously recorded material as it was played back on a television — with the vertical hold setting intentionally in error.

The first multi-channel video art (using several monitors or screens) was Wipe Cycle by Ira Schneider and Frank Gillette. An installation of nine television screens, Wipe Cycle for the first time combined live images of gallery visitors, found footage from commercial television, and shots from pre-recorded tapes. The material was alternated from one monitor to the next in an elaborate choreography.

Communication

Then, we will be in subject formally. Communication is our topic substance. So what is communication? We will talk about it clear.

How does one talk so that another person listens and understands? How does one listen? How does one know if he has been heard and understood?

These are all points about communication that have never before been analyzed or explained.

People have known that communication is an important part of life but until now no one has ever been able to tell anyone how to communicate.

Until Scientology, the subject of communication had received no emphasis or study. Any attention given to it was mechanical and the province of engineers. Yet all human endeavor depends utterly on a full knowledge of the real basics of communication.

To master communication, one must understand it.

●Why we choose this topic(communication)?

Before we talking about communication, did you know something about that? If you know that, you will know why we choice this topic. If you don’t understand it. We will told you.

 

Communication is life since species live in world. The eariest species used actions to communication,then is vioce. Human invent the language that is word. Communication is a complex and root action. It’s very interesting and Mysterious. Like a magic.

 

Something succed or fail for important. And make something happy, angry, sad, smile for simple before we talked about from communication. That mens communication exist in everywhere, and communication can control your everything. Do you want to know it? When you talked face to face, when you used words were found, when you used QQ,MSN to chat with other on the internet. When you used video, sound, and you are giving a lot of information to other people. Not only financial, trade, business administration are very paying attention to communication. But also facts nay. The CG drawing, design, and scientific research looks like doing things themselves. But this work always can’t lose communication. No communication will progress slowly, and sometimes will be walk to dead. And the key always in the other people. Though communication we can get some information what we don’t know. And though communication we also can get wrong information from failed.

 

●What is Communication?

In Scientology, communication has been defined – an accomplishment that has led to a much deeper understanding of life itself.

Communication, in essence, is the shift of a particle from one part of space to another part of space. A particle is the thing being communicated. It can be an object, a written message, a spoken word or an idea. In its crudest definition, this is communication.

This simple view of communication leads to the full definition:

Communication is the consideration and action of impelling an impulse or particle from source-point across a distance to receipt-point, with the intention of bringing into being at the receipt-point a duplication and understanding of that which emanated from the source-point.

Duplication is the act of reproducing something exactly. Emanated means “came forth.”

The formula of communication is cause, distance, effect, with intention, attention and duplication with understanding.

The definition and formula of communication open the door to understanding this subject. By dissecting communication into its component parts, we can view the function of each and thus more clearly understand the whole.

Maybe you can know that about communication. Then, do you know about types of communication?

There are only 3 major parts in any communication which are body language, voice tonality, and words. According to the research, 55% of impact is determined by body language--postures, gestures, and eye contact, 38% by the tone of voice, and 7% by the content or the words used in the communication process. Although the exact percentage of influence may differ from variables such as the listener and the speaker, communication as a whole strives for the same goal and thus, in some cases, can be universal. System of signals, such as voice sounds, intonations or pitch, gestures or written symbols which communicate thoughts or feelings. If a language is about communicating with signals, voice, sounds, gestures, or written symbols, can animal communications be considered as a language? Animals do not have a written form of a language, but use a language to communicate with each another. In that sense, an animal communication can be considered as a separate language.

Human spoken and written languages can be described as a system of symbols  and the grammars.by which the symbols are manipulated. The word "language" is also used to refer to common properties of languages. Language learning is normal in human childhood. Most human languages use patterns of sound or gesture for symbols which enable communication with others around them. There are thousands of human languages, and these seem to share certain properties, even though many shared properties have exceptions.

Then, we will give you five examples of development communication.

One of the first examples of development communication was Farm Radio Forums in Canada. From 1941 to 1965 farmers met in groups each week to listen to special radio programs. There were also printed materials and prepared questions to encourage group discussion. At first this was a response to the Great Depression and the need for increased food production in World War II. But the Forums also dealt with social and economic issues. This model of adult education or distance education was later adopted in India and Ghana.

Instructional television was used in El Salvador during the 1970s to improve primary education. One of the problems was a lack of trained teachers. Teaching materials were also improved to make them more relevant. More children attended school and graduation rates increased. In this sense the project was a success. However, there were few jobs available in El Salvador for better-educated young people.

In the 1970s in Korea the Planned Parenthood Federation had succeed in lowering birth rates and improving life in villages such as Oryu Li. It mainly used interpersonal communication in women's clubs. The success in Oryu Li was not found in all villages. It had the advantage of several factors including a remarkable local woman leader and visits from the provincial governor.

A project of social marketing in Bolivia in the 1980s tried to get women in the Cochabamba Valley to use soybean recipes in their cooking. This was an attempt to deal with chronic malnurishment among children. The project used cooking demonstrations, posters and broadcasts on local commercial radio stations. Some people did try soybeans but the outcome of the project is unclear.

In 1999 the U.S. Government and D.C. Comics planned to distribute 600,000 comic books to children affected by the Kosovo War. The comic books are in Albanian and feature Superman and Wonder Woman. The aim is to teach children what to do when they find an unexploded land mine left over from Kosovo's civil war. The comic books instruct children not to touch the anti-personnel mines and not to move, but instead to call an adult for help. In spite of the 1997 Ottawa Treaty which attempts to ban land mines they continue to kill or injure 20,000 civilians each year around the world.

This five examples told us more information of development communication, Since 5 different places can improve the communication’s development. Since 1941 —— 1997 year also can explanat time on the commnuication is development.

So, how about the nonverbal communication and communication?

Nonverbal communication is the process of communicating through sending and receiving wordless messages. Such messages can be communicated through gesture, body language or posture; facial expression and eye contact, object communication such as clothing, hairstyles or even architecture, or symbols and infographics, as well as through an aggregate of the above, such as behavioral communication. Speech may also contain nonverbal elements known as paralanguage, including voice quality, emotion and speaking style, as well as prosodic features such as rhythm, intonation and stress. Likewise, written texts have nonverbal elements such as handwriting style, spatial arrangement of words, or the use of emoticons.A portmanteau of the English words emotion and icon, an emoticon is a symbol or combination of symbols used to convey emotional content in written or message form.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

●  How important for human with communication?

This is a Taobao to strike (or make) a bargain information. They are using fast and easy communication fashion with customers. So that can improve the sales and enhance the efficiency. For customers, this can to economize time

 

The fourth question is how important for human with communication?

In our group, we got some ideas:

 

Communication can make something succed or fail for important. And make something happy, angry, sad, smile for simple. There are all come from communication.

 

How does one talk so that another person listens and understands? How does one listen? How does one know if he has been heard and understood?

 

These are all points about communication that have never before been analyzed or explained.

 

People have known that communication is an important part of life but until now no one has ever been able to tell anyone how to communicate.

 

But one thing is true, there is no communication of mankind would be no development, the rapid development of new media now, our way of sharing more and more rich in information transmission speed into the geometric form of development.

        

If there is non-human living organisms that what will be happened?

Communication in many of its facets is not limited to humans, or even to primates. Every information exchange between living organisms — i.e. transmission of signals involving a living sender and receiver — can be considered a form of communication. Thus, there is the broad field of animal communication, which encompasses most of the issues in ethology. On a more basic level, there is cell signaling, cellular communication, and chemical communication between primitive organisms like bacteria, and within the plant and fungal kingdoms. All of these communication processes are sign-mediated interactions with a great variety of distinct coordinations.

Animal communication is any behaviour on the part of one animal that has an effect on the current or future behavior of another animal. Of course, human communication can be subsumed as a highly developed form of animal communication. The study of animal communication, called zoosemiotics' (distinguishable from anthroposemiotics, the study of human communication) has played an important part in the development of ethology, sociobiology, and the study of animal cognition. This is quite evident as humans are able to communicate with animals especially dolphins and other animals used in circuses however these animals have to learn a special means of communication. Animal communication, and indeed the understanding of the animal world in general, is a rapidly growing field, and even in the 21st century so far, many prior understandings related to diverse fields such as personal symbolic name use, animal emotions, animal culture and learning, and even sexual conduct, long thought to be well understood, have been revolutionized.

Among plants, communication is observed within the plant organism, i.e. within plant cells and between plant cells, between plants of the same or related species, and between plants and non-plant organisms, especially in the rootzone. Plant roots communicate in parallel with rhizobia bacteria, with fungi and with insects in the soil. This parallel sign-mediated interactions which are governed by syntactic, pragmatic and semantic rules are possible because of the decentralized "nervous system" of plants. As recent research shows 99% of intraorganismic plant communication processes are neuronal-like. Plants also communicate via volatiles in the case of herbivory attack behavior to warn neighboring plants. In parallel they produce other volatiles which attract parasites which attack these herbivores. In Stress situations plants can overwrite the genetic code they inherited from their parents and revert to that of their grand- or great-grandparents.

Fungi communicate to coordinate and organize their own growth and development such as the formation of mycelia and fruiting bodies. Additionally fungi communicate with same and related species as well as with nonfungal organisms in a great variety of symbiotic interactions, especially with bacteria, unicellular eukaryotes, plants and insects. The used semiochemicals are of biotic origin and they trigger the fungal organism to react in a specific manner, in difference while to even the same chemical molecules are not being a part of biotic messages doesn’t trigger to react the fungal organism. It means, fungal organisms are competent to identify the difference of the same molecules being part of biotic messages or lack of these features. So far five different primary signalling molecules are known that serve to coordinate very different behavioral patterns such as filamentation, mating, growth, pathogenicity. Behavioral coordination and the production of such substances can only be achieved through interpretation processes: self or non-self, abiotic indicator, biotic message from similar, related, or non-related species, or even “noise”, i.e., similar molecules without biotic content. Communication is a process of one person to another. i.e. face to face communication, phone to phone communication etc. Communication may also be elctronically via email, blogs, sms, Instant Message ect.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

●How about our work?

The last question is most important, that is about our work. So, first we did a lot of information about the Video Art, Communication, and so on. Though that, we know so much about that, then we did brainstorming. We got a lot of ideas for that. Final we got a story of our topic.

 

●What we will do?

Start of a secret. Tell everybody in this new media times, our send messages is too easy and convenient. Also very surprise for us.

 

From chief actor's home, a people to indulge in internet addiction. when he get up ,he find just only one slipper. So he go to the Internet told his friends A.

   

A:  chief actor ,I find a secret.

            What's secret?       (Story begin!)

    Chief actor call his friend B "Where's my slipper"

 

 B : This is a secret.   <changed snowflakes menu>

 

Ceaselessly appear to send massages menu.

First parts end.

Menu black. Anther people have a call on the way.

Opposite party said :"I know a secret."

"What?"   And then call his friend

 C." Do you know that secret?

Second massage big bong come in.

The end one people ring off, the whole menu black<can cycle play>

 

THE STORY LIKE A DAY IS OVER BUT THE COMMUNICATION WILL STILL CONTINUE

COMMENT: The secret is not important. It is symbolizes the information.

Members

 

●EASY

 

●JAKE

 

●CAMIU

 

●EL

Research according to

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communication

 

http://eee.scientologyhandbook.org/SH5_1.HTM

 

http://eee.scientologyhandbook.org/SH5_2.HTM

 

 

 

 

 

consultation

http://baike.baidu.com/view/149597.html?wtp=tt

http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/41016785.html?si=1&wtp=wk

http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/42839571.html?si=2&wtp=wk

http://blogsearch.google.cn/blogsearch?q=communications&client=pub-2105779142630027&prog=aff&oe=GB2312&safe=active&hl=zh-CN&um=1&ie=UTF-8&ei=vVuOSefFNI_JkAXOwvGqDA&sa=X&oi=blogsearch_group&resnum=11&ct=title

http://www.beasom.com/article/view.asp?id=3373

http://blogs.nmscommunications.com/communications/

http://tw.youtube.com/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_medi

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/PrinterFriendly.cfm?ArticleId=A0008366

http://whatsnewmedia.org/

 

 

 ===================================================================

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